The Maltese Archipelago, a group of Islands including Malta, Gozo and Comino, lie in the heart of the Mediterranean, surrounded by picturesque beaches and the deep blue sea, enjoying a warm climate during most of the year.
Malta, being the main land, has a population of 400,000 people, living in the several towns and historical villages within the spread of 316 Square Kilometres. The smaller Islands of Gozo and Comino are also inhabited by a minority of the population. The Islands are populated by tourists all year round. Sea ferries tender an easy access between the islands to accommodate for relaxing, holiday homes and the ideal paradise for a quick getaway.
The history of the Maltese Islands dates back to its first settlers and the capital city, Valletta, named and built by the Grandmaster Jean de la Valette, in medieval times, demonstrates an architectural treasure full of centuries of historical culture. Valletta, is a living beauty with a collage of modern establishments and baroque architecture. So much so that UNESCO has declared it a World Heritage Property.
Malta is general is flooded with UNESCO sites. The Megalithic temples of Hagar Qim and Mnajdra are the oldest freestanding structures in the world. Records show that they date back to before the UK’s Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids, to 7000 B.C.
Malta boasts two official languages with Maltese being It’s mother tongue, and English also being an official language, that is taught to children in schools from an early age. A third language that many Maltese are familiar with is Italian; a language that is often freely sounded on tv channels from the neighbouring country.
Malta’s location in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea has given it great strategic importance for centuries. Many powers have taken control of the islands, including the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Knights of St John, French and the British. In 1964, Malta gained its independence from Britain and also became a member of the Commonwealth, whilst in 1974 it became a republic. In 2004 it joined the European Union and eventually adopted the Euro in 2008.
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